(C) 2013 Elsevier Inc All rights reserved “
“High pressure

(C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“High pressure homogenization (HPH) is one of the most promising alternatives to traditional thermal treatment for food preservation and diversification. In order to evaluate its potential for the production of fermented milks carrying probiotic bacteria, four types of fermented milks were manufactured from HPH treated and heat treated (HT) milk with and without added probiotics. Microbiological, physicochemical and organoleptic analyses were carried out during the refrigerated period (35 d at 4 degrees C). HPH application

to milk did not modify the viability of the probiotic cultures but did increase the cell loads of the CX-6258 mouse starter cultures (ca. 1 log order) compared with traditional products. GW4869 in vivo The coagula from HPH-milk was significantly more compacted (P<0.05) (higher firmness) than that obtained with HT-milk, and it had the highest values of consistency, cohesiveness and viscosity indexes compared with fermented milks produced without HPH treatment. All the samples received high sensory analysis scores for each descriptor considered. HPH treatment of milk can potentially diversify the market for probiotic fermented milks, especially in terms of texture parameters.”
“The phase transformation and morphology of calcium phosphate prepared by the electrochemical

deposition (ECD) process through alkali treatment and calcination have been characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry and differential thermal analyses (TG/DTA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). At the ECD process, when the excess OH- was produced, the reaction of 10Ca(2+)+6PO

(4) (3-) +2OH– bigger than Ca-10(PO4)(6)(OH)(2) takes 4SC-202 nmr place on the Ti-6Al-4V and the HA is deposited. The XRD results reveal that the as-deposit was mostly composed of dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (Ca2H4P2O9; DCPD) and the minor phase of hydroxyapatite (Ca-10(PO4)(6)(OH)(2); HA). After NaOH treatment, all DCPD were converted to HA. Moreover, the content of HA phase increases with ECD potential. After being calcined at 673 K and 873 K (400 A degrees C and 600 A degrees C) for 4 hours, the phase of HA maintained the major phase for an alkali-treated deposited sample. After being calcined at 1073 K (800 A degrees C) for 4 hours, some HA decomposed and caused the minor phases of beta-tricalcium phosphate (beta-Ca-3(PO4)(2); beta-TCP), calcium pyrophosphate (Ca2P2O7; CPP), and calcium oxide (CaO) formation. The beta-TCP becomes the major phase with residual HA and CaO after being calcined at 1273 K (1000 A degrees C) for 4 hours. The crack forms due to the release of absorbed water from the interior to top surface of sample.

Development of validated outcomes and methodologies has also been

Development of validated outcomes and methodologies has also been critical. The ability to perform these trials stems from legislation enabling the FDA and the European Medicines Agency to require studies to be performed in children before they can be licensed for use in children. Current efforts to enhance the understanding of treatment options for patients with JIA include the development of disease-specific rather than drug-specific consolidated registries, studies in personalized predictive medicine and

the development of treatment protocols for regular clinical care of these patients.”
“Novel crystal packings of the aspirin molecule and WH-4-023 17 molecules that are related to aspirin by substitution are

studied using a computational approach. The pacicings are created by taking a crystal structure for which the crystal packing and molecular geometry have been determined experimentally and replacing the native molecule with a different one. The resulting crystal structures are optimized using molecular mechanics, followed by a quantum mechanical method based on density functional theory and including a correction for dispersive interactions. There are 21 known, experimental, learn more crystal structures for the molecules considered, some of which are polymorphic. For any given molecule, the lowest, calculated lattice energy is always found to be that of a crystal structure which corresponds to experiment. For the

three polymorphic molecules, the second lowest lattice energy is also found to correspond to an experimental structure. The agreement between the observation of a particular packing and its low rank in the list of possible packings is evidence of the accuracy of the method for calculating the lattice energy. Further analysis of the results shows patterns reflecting the underlying supramolecular constructs that are common to the different packings of these molecules. This leads to some speculation as to the possibilities of finding new polymorphs for some of these molecules.”
“The correlation between the 90 kDa heat-shock protein (FISP90) and sperm quality following the process of freezing-thawing in bulls has not been studied clearly. Therefore, PHA-848125 mouse the objective of the present was to clarify the relationship between HSP90 level and semen parameters during the process of cryopreservation in bulls. Semen samples from 5 Holstein bulls were obtained by artificial vagina. Characteristics of these semen at three stages (fresh, after equilibration and frozen-thawed), including motility, plasma membrane integrity and acrosome integrity were evaluated. The mRNA expression level of HSP90 at the three stages was evaluated by using quantitative Real-Time PCR. Meanwhile, the protein level of HSP90 expression at the three stages was detected according to Western blot.

The largest mass losses were found for fruit treated with garlic

The largest mass losses were found for fruit treated with garlic oil and citric biomass, with 8.31% and 8.44% respectively at 14 days. As for the production of CO2, A. aculeata almond oil + IMP

and A. aculeata almond oil + tween kept increasing respiratory rate, where only at 12 days there was a slight respiratory increase. Thus, we may conclude that in addition to Prochloraz, A. aculeata almond oil + IMP and A. aculeata OICR-9429 price almond oil + tween have good potential for the control of anthracnose in ‘Uba’ mango.”
“This paper presents an effective method to control distributed energy resources (DERs) installed in a microgrid (MG) to guarantee its stability after islanding occurrence. Considering voltage and frequency variations after islanding occurrence and based on stability criteria, MG pre-islanding conditions are divided into secure and insecure classes. It is shown that insecure MG can become secure, if appropriate preventive control is applied on the DERs in different operating conditions of the

MG. To select the most important variables of MG, which can estimate proper values of output power set points of DERs, a feature selection procedure known as symmetrical uncertainty is used in this paper. Among all the MG variables, critical ones are selected to calculate the appropriate output power of different DERs for different conditions of the MG. The values of Selleck Rabusertib selected features are transmitted by the communication system to the control unit installed on each DER to control its output power set point. In order to decrease the communication system cost, previous researchers have used local variables to control the set point of different DERs. This approach decreases the accuracy of the controller because the controller uses incomplete information. In this paper, multi-objective approach is used in order to decrease the cost of the communication system, while keeping the

accuracy of the preventive control strategy in an allowable margin. The results demonstrate GDC973 the effectiveness of the proposed method in comparison with other methods.”
“For impulse-radio ultrawideband (IR-UWB) communications, pulse overlap often occurs in indoor dense multipath environments, where the time separation between adjacent received multipaths is typically less than one pulsewidth. Moreover, due to its low power spectral density (PSD) and its overlay usage model, the IR-UWB signal is also vulnerable to narrow-band interference (NBI) of a high power level. Taking the effect of pulse overlap into account, this paper presents an optimal prerake/postrake UWB transceiver design to counteract NBI. The prerake/postrake uses rake structures at both the transmitter and the receiver. The optimum weights for the prerake and postrake are derived by maximizing the signal-to-inference-plus-noise ratio (SINR). Furthermore, an adaptive scheme is proposed to achieve the optimal solution iteratively.


Because learn more the concentration of the lac mRNA was always high in cells that expressed Zcal1, we hypothesize that this antisense acts by inhibiting messenger translation. Similar analyses, performed with a series of site-specific Zcal1 mutants, showed that the Shine-Dalgarno sequence, which is conferred by the pBAD vector,

is an essential requisite for silencing competence. Indeed, the presence of the intact Shine-Dalgarno sequence positively affects asRNA stability and, hence, silencing effectiveness. Our observations will contribute to the understanding of the main determinants of silencing as exerted by asRNAs as well as provide useful support for the design of robust and efficient prokaryotic gene silencers. (C) 2010, The Society for Biotechnology, Japan. All rights reserved.”
“Despite the growing public interest in perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), very few studies have reported the sources and pathways of human exposure to these compounds in China. In this study, concentrations of 10 PFCs were measured in human blood, I-BET-762 supplier water (tap water and surface water), freshwater fish, and seafood samples collected from China. On the basis of the data,

we calculated daily intakes of PFCs, regional differences in human exposures, and potential risks associated with ingestion of PFCs from diet, drinking water, and indoor dust for the Chinese population. Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was the most predominant PFC found with a mean concentration of 12.5 ng/mL in human blood from Tianjin and 0.92 ng/g wet wt in freshwater fish and seafood; perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was the major PFC found in drinking water at a concentration range of 0.10 to 0.92 ng/L. The estimated daily intake of PFOS and PFOA via fish and seafood consumption (EDIfish&seafood) ranged from 0.10 to 2.51 and 0.13 to 0.38 ng/kg bw/day, respectively, for different age groups (i.e., toddlers, adolescents and children, and adults) from selected locations (i.e., Tianjin, Nanchang, Wuhan, and Shenyang). The EDIfish&seafood of PFCs decreased

(p < 0.05) with age. The estimated daily intake HDAC inhibitors cancer of PFOS and PFOA via drinking water consumption (EDIdrinking (water)) ranged from 0.006 to 0.014 and 0.010 to 0.159 ng/kg bw/day, respectively. Comparison of EDIfish&seafood and EDIdrinking (water) values with those of the modeled total dietary intake (TDI) of PFCs by adults from Tianjin, Nanchang, Wuhan, and Shenyang showed that contributions of fish and seafood to TDI of PFOS varied depending on the location. Fish and seafood accounted for 7%, 24%, 80%, and 84% of PFOS intake in Nanchang, Shenyang, Wuhan, and Tianjin, respectively, suggesting regional differences in human exposure to PFOS. Drinking water was a minor source of PFOS (<1%) exposure in adults from all the study locations.”
“Hybrid odontogenic tumors are rare conditions that can affect the oral maxillofacial region and usually occur in adults as an asymptomatic swelling.

Many are associated with significant morbidity We hereby introdu

Many are associated with significant morbidity. We hereby introduce our modification of the technique that is safe and reproducible. Surgical technique using a nylon tape to railroad instruments into the peritoneal cavity to minimise false passage and trauma is described in detail. Once the testis is delivered out of the scrotal wound, further division of restrictive bands to mobilise the testis is carried out laparoscopically. These steps are not previously described in the literature. A retrospective study of consecutive patients with IAT undergoing surgical intervention

by a single surgeon over a period of 15 years has been included to demonstrate outcome. Twenty-five patients with unilateral IAT (10R, 15L) and 2 patients with bilateral IAT, a total of 29 IAT, underwent laparoscopic

orchidopexy Wnt beta-catenin pathway over the period 1997-2012. Median age of the patients was 3.0 Citarinostat datasheet years. One-stage testicular vessel preserving (VP) orchidopexy was performed in 20 testes, Fowler-Stephen (FS), vessel sacrificing orchidopexy (3 one-stage and 6 two-stage) was required in 9 testes. At follow-up, atrophy was detected in 1 (5.0 %) and 2 (22.2 %) patients of the VP and FS groups respectively. The railroading technique of transferring IAT into the scrotum via the inguinal canal under laparoscopic guidance minimises tissue trauma. It negates the need to create new tissue opening. It is reproducible with a testicular atrophy rate comparable to published literature.”
“Improved knowledge concerning nutrient removals through harvesting in former coppice forests is crucial for the sustainable management of these forests. This is especially true if the resumption of coppicing is being considered to serve increasing fuel wood demands. In this study the nutrient contents of various tree compartments of sessile oak (Quercus petraea (Mattuschka) Liebl.) and hornbeam (Carpinus betulus L.) from two sites differing in soil fertility were determined using allometric equations to calculate nutrient removal associated with different

harvesting intensities. Stand level nutrient contents in tree compartments were comparable between both study sites. The results for exchangeable base cations, plant selleck inhibitor available P, and total N indicate that coppicing is not a priori an unsustainable forest management system. On sites with large soil nutrient pools, even whole trees may be harvested without substantial reductions in ecosystem nutrient pools. However, on sites with a low nutrient capital, current harvesting practices would result in relatively high rates of nutrient export. In these stands, harvesting intensity should be based on careful selection of the tree compartments removed, e.g. stem only, to conserve nutrients on site. This study describes the impact of simulated tree harvesting on soil nutrient pools in aged coppice forest for the first time.

Species distributions and diversity in East Asia are discussed “<

Species distributions and diversity in East Asia are discussed.”
“Phenotypic variability in the presence of an identical molecular defect is a recurrent feature in heritable disorders and it was also reported in osteogenesis imperfecta (01). OI is a prototype for skeletal dysplasias mainly caused by mutations in the two genes coding for type I collagen. No definitive cure is available for this disorder, but the understanding of molecular basis in 01 phenotypic modulation will have a pivotal role in identifying

possible targets to develop novel drug therapy.\n\nWe used a functional proteomic approach to address the study of phenotypic variability using the skin of the 01 murine model Brtl. Brtl mice reproduce the molecular defect, dominant transmission and phenotypic variability of human OI patients. In the Selleck MAPK inhibitor presence of a Gly349Cys substitution in alpha 1(I)-collagen Brtl mice can have a lethal or a moderately severe outcome.\n\nDifferential expression of chaperones,

proteasomal subunits, metabolic enzymes, and proteins related to cellular fate Nepicastat datasheet demonstrated that a different ability to adapt to cellular stress distinguished mutant from wild-type mice and mutant lethal from surviving mutant animals. Interestingly, class discovery analysis identified clusters of differentially expressed proteins associated with a specific outcome, and functional analysis contributed to a deeper investigation into biochemical and cellular pathways affected by the disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Translational Proteomics. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Illicit substances increase risk of

morbidity and mortality and have significant consequences for society. Personality traits are associated with drug use; we test whether these associations vary by socioeconomic status.\n\nMethod: Participants (N = 412) from the Healthy Aging in Neighborhoods of Diversity across the Life Span (HANDLS) study completed the Revised NEO Personality Inventory and self-reported use of opiates and cocaine. 50% of participants were living below 125% of the federal poverty line. Mean-level personality differences across never, former, and current opiate/cocaine users were compared. Logistic regressions compared never versus current users and interactions GDC-0068 between personality traits and poverty status tested whether these associations varied by socioeconomic status.\n\nResults: High Neuroticism and low Agreeableness increased risk of drug use. The association between low Conscientiousness and drug use was moderated by poverty, such that low Conscientiousness was a stronger risk factor for illicit substance use among those with relatively higher SES. For every standard deviation decrease in Conscientiousness, there was a greater than 2-fold increase in risk of illicit substance use (OR=2.15,95% CI = 1.45-3.17).

The preload recruitable stroke work was used to measure myocardia

The preload recruitable stroke work was used to measure myocardial function. Results. The agonal phase was similar between groups. Loss of pulse and pressure were consistent between animals (7.9 +/- 0.5 minutes [range, 5 to 11 minutes], 10.2 +/- 0.4 minutes [range, 9 to 13 minutes], respectively). Electrical silence was variable at 26.9 +/- 3.8 minutes (range, 11 to 43 minutes). All perfused hearts separated and remained off cardiopulmonary bypass. Three of four static hearts initially separated from cardiopulmonary bypass, but two returned by the end of the reperfusion period. The preload recruitable GSK126 price stroke work was significantly higher in perfused

hearts. Conclusions. Protocols for DCDD have implications on ischemic times of donor hearts. Machine perfusion preservation can recover DCDD hearts more consistently than static storage. (C) 2014 by The Society of Thoracic Surgeons”
“Tumor associated macrophages (TAMs), represent a major subpopulation of tumor infiltrating immune cells. These alternatively activated M2-polarized macrophages are well PKC412 manufacturer known for their pro-tumor functions. Owing to their established role in potentiating tumor-neovasculogenesis and metastasis, TAMs have emerged as promising target for anti-cancer immunotherapy.

One of the key TAMs related phenomenon that is amenable to therapeutic intervention is their phenotype switching into alternatively activated M2-polarized macrophages. Hindering macrophage polarization towards a pro-tumor M2 phenotype, or better still

reprogramming the M2 like TAMs towards M1 subtype is being considered a beneficial anti-cancer strategy. Hypoxic tumor milieu has been proposed as one of the most plausible factor governing M2-polarization of macrophages. We recently demonstrated that hypoxic tumor cells imparted a pro-angiogenic M2 skewed phenotype to macrophages. Furthermore, sizeable body of data selleck screening library indicates for participation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in macrophage polarization. Concordantly, inhibition of COX-2 is associated with impaired macrophage polarization. Prompted by this in the current study we decided to explore if inhibition of COX-2 activity via chemical inhibitors may prevent hypoxic cancer cell induced M2-polarization of macrophages. We observed that treatment with Flunixin meglumine, an established preferential inhibitor of COX-2 activity markedly inhibited hypoxic cancer cell induced of M2-polarization of macrophages thereby indicating for usage of COX-2 inhibition as possible anti-cancer treatment modality.”
“IFN-gamma is an antitumor cytokine that inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis after engagement with the IFN-gamma receptors (IFNGR) expressed on target cells, whereas IFN regulatory factor 2 (IRF-2) is able to block the effects of IFN-gamma by repressing transcription of IFN-gamma-induced genes.

Moreover, there was a significantly higher expression of Plk1 in

Moreover, there was a significantly higher expression of Plk1 in higher degree of malignant renal adenocarcinoma cell ACHN than that in renal adenocarcinoma cell 769-P. With increasing concentration of scytonemin, we found

that cell proliferation and invasion activity decreased significantly. Plk1 expression status was closely correlated with important histopathologic characteristics (grades, stages, metastasis, and recurrence) of renal carcinomas. Furthermore, Plk1 played an important function on renal cancer cells’ proliferation and invasion.”
“Despite the advances in medicine and the emergence of new antifungal agents, fungal infections remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Azoles are widely used as antifungal agents. Azoles interfere with the conversion of lanosterol to ergosterol by inhibiting a fungal cytochrome P450enzyme, lanosterol 14 demethylase. Resistance to azoles, particularly fluconazole, is emerging to Candida albicans, GSK2879552 after long-term suppressive therapy. Thus, there is an urgent

need for newer potent antifungals to combat resistance developed against widely used azoles. In present work, we report synthesis of novel triazole derivatives of 7-hydroxy-4-methylcoumarin using various substituted aromatic aldehydes and evaluated for their in vitro fungicidal activity against Candida albicans at various concentrations to obtain minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC).”
“Objective Evaluate the use of somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) monitoring to detect positioning-related brachial

plexus injury during skull base surgery. Study Design Prexasertib price Prospective cohort observational study. Setting University Hospital. Subjects and Methods Patients undergoing skull base surgery had a focused neurologic exam of the brachial plexus performed before and after surgery. Under stable anesthesia, brachial plexus SSEP values were obtained Tariquidar Transmembrane Transporters inhibitor before and after surgical positioning. Significant SSEP changes required a readjustment of arm or neck positions. SSEPs were assessed every 30 minutes. If changes were noted, position was readjusted and SSEPs were reassessed until surgical completion. Demographic data, neurologic exams, SSEP latency, and amplitude values were recorded. Persistent changes were correlated with postoperative neurologic findings. Results Sixty-five patients, 15 to 77 years old, were studied. Six patients (9.2%) developed SSEP amplitude changes after positioning (average amplitude decrease 72.8%). One patient had a significant latency increase. The sensitivity of SSEP for detection of injury was 57%, while specificity was 94.7%. The average body mass index (BMI) of patients with normal and abnormal SSEPs was 28.7 5.6 versus 29.2 +/- 8.0, respectively. Average BMI of patients with postoperative symptoms regardless of SSEP findings was 33.8 +/- 4.3. Two patients who had persistent SSEP changes after positioning had BMIs of 40.1 and 31.2 kg/m(2), respectively.

Pseudomonal airway colonization (PAC) is common

in CF Ob

Pseudomonal airway colonization (PAC) is common

in CF. Objectives: We investigated the influence of post-transplant sinus surgery and daily nasal douching on PAC after LTx and the influence of PAC on survival and bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS). learn more Methods: CF patients transplanted at our centre were included (November 1992 to December 2009). Clinical data, including microbiological data before and after LTx were collected. Survival and BOS following LTx were compared for CF recipients with and without PAC by Kaplan-Meier statistics and Cox regression analysis. Results: Ninety-four CF patients were transplanted, of whom 82 (87%) underwent sinus surgery after transplantation, and 65% of 66 patients with pre-transplant PAC had persistent PAC after selleck chemicals llc transplantation. Upper and lower PAC is related. Patients without PAC after transplantation had a significantly better survival rate, and BOS was less frequent with a later onset. PAC

was the only significant parameter for the development of BOS stage 2 in the multivariate analysis for cytomegalovirus infection, acute rejection and PAC. Conclusions: Sinus surgery and daily nasal douching reduced PAC in LTx recipients. Absence of post-transplant PAC had a positive impact on post-transplant survival and the development of BOS. Copyright (C) 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel”
“Primary choriocarcinoma of the uterine cervix is an extremely rare disease. The clinical

diagnosis of cervical choriocarcinoma is difficult, because of its rarity and being non-specific abnormal vaginal bleeding the most common symptom. In the present report, the authors present a case of cervical choriocarcinoma, which was initially misdiagnosed as a cesarean section scar ectopic pregnancy. Remission of cervical choriocarcinoma was accomplished with the combination of hysterectomy and chemotherapy.”
“Arthroscopic arthrodesis of the ankle has several advantages compared with open arthrodesis, including a smaller skin incision, less damage to the soft tissue around the joint, a lower risk of skin necrosis and infection, a lower incidence of postoperative infection and swelling, and better preservation of the contour of the surface of the joint, which maintains a larger contact area between the talus LY2090314 price and tibia. We successfully performed arthroscopic arthrodesis of the tibiotalocalcaneal joints with intramedullary nails with fins in 9 ankles of 8 patients. Solid fusion was attained in all cases, except for 1 case of nonunion at the subtalar joint. We also corrected the alignment in 1 patient with a varus deformity. The fixation was strong, even in the case of poor bone quality, such as occurs in rheumatoid arthritis. The intramedullary nails with fins allowed for appropriate compression for bone consolidation without loss of rotational stability.

53, p smaller than 01) predicted intentions to plan (adj

53, p smaller than .01) predicted intentions to plan (adj.

R-2 = 0.66). Intentions to plan (beta = 0.16, p smaller than .05) and intentions to be active (beta = 0.25, p smaller than .05) predicted change in planning behaviour (R-change(2) = 0.03). Planning behaviour (beta = 0.27, p smaller than .05) predicted change in physical activity (R-change(2) = 0.07). Planning behaviour appears to have its own motivations distinct from those of physical activity. Future interventions should target planning behaviour along with its motivations and control beliefs to increase rates of planning. The theoretical underpinnings of the TPB are of value for understanding both planning www.selleckchem.com/products/netarsudil-ar-13324.html behaviour and physical activity. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“We have previously shown that in patients with peripheral ischemia serum concentration of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) differs depending on the disease severity being the highest in subjects with critical leg ischemia (CLI), although no apparent neoangiogenic effect like collateral circulation was observed in their ischemic tissues. Therefore, the aim of present study was to assess the effective proangiogenic

activity of sera from patients with peripheral ischemia. It was demonstrated that endothelial cells (HUVEC) incubated in medium enriched with 5% of sera from critical leg ischemia patients demonstrated greater proliferative activity than cells selleck compound incubated with serum from healthy controls (p < 0.001). Also, their ability to form new sprouts this website in vitro was significantly greater when cultured in medium enriched with serum from patients with CLI (1025.85 +/- 316.56) in comparison to serum of moderate leg ischemia (MOD) (371.96 +/- 47.07) (p < 0.001) or controls. Thus, in patients with severe ischemia, VEGF is not only present in serum in considerably higher concentration than in healthy controls, but also is biologically

active, able to evoke appropriate responses in tissues.”
“We have synthesized and investigated a new bipheny1-4,4′-bis(nitronyl nitroxide) radical with intermediately strong antiferromagnetic interactions. This organic biradical belongs to a family of materials that can be used as a building block for the design of new quantum magnets. For quantum magnetism, special attention has been paid to coupled S = 1/2 dimer compounds, which when placed in a magnetic field, can be used as model systems for interacting boson gases. Short contacts between the oxygen atoms of the nitronyl nitroxide units and the hydrogen atoms of the benzene rings stabilize a surprisingly planar geometry of the biphenyl spacer and are responsible for a small magnetic interdimer coupling. The strength of the antiferromagnetic intradimer coupling constant J/k(B) = 14.0 +/- 0.9 K, fitting the experimental SQUID-data using an isolated-dimer model.