Success and complications were classified according to the Heart

Success and complications were classified according to the Heart Rhythm Society consensus statement. Outcomes in octogenarians were compared to younger patients undergoing selleck kinase inhibitor extraction during the same period. Results: Four hundred and six cases were performed: 72 procedures in octogenarians (mean age 84, range 8095) and 334 in younger adults (mean age 62, range 2079). Octogenarians had a greater number of comorbidities per case. Infection was the commonest indication for extraction in both groups. One hundred forty-one leads were extracted

in octogenarians and 657 in younger patients. Laser assistance was required in 51.4% of octogenarians versus 49.7% of younger patients. Procedural success was achieved in 71/72 (98.6%) octogenarians versus 329/334 (98.5%) younger patients. No procedural mortality occurred in either group. Overall, complications were more frequent in octogenarians with major and minor complications occurring in 2.8 and 8.3% of octogenarians versus 0.6

and 3.0% of younger patients (P = 0.014). Conclusions: Procedural success was equally high in octogenarians and younger patients. Percutaneous lead extraction can be performed effectively and safely in octogenarians and is associated with a higher complication rate but no increased mortality. (PACE 2012;00:19)”
“This is the Selleckchem Proteasome inhibitor first report of the simultaneous selleck combined use of trans-sphenoidal and trans-ventricular-endoscopic route for decompression of a giant pituitary adenoma.

A 38 year old man presented to us with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure along with visual and hypothalamic disturbances. The CT scan revealed destruction of the sella by a large (5 x 3.5 x 2.5 cm) well defined enhancing mass in

the sella and suprasellar region extending laterally up to the cavernous sinuses and both carotid arteries and superiorly into the lumen of the 3rd ventricle producing obstructive hydrocephalus. On T2WI of the non-contrast MRI scan the mass was iso-intense to grey matter suggesting the possibility of a firm nature of the adenoma. The tumour was first approached by the standard trans-sphenoidal route and as predicted from the pre-operative MRI, the tumour was found to be firm and not amenable to suction. After decompression of the intra-sellar part of the tumour, the intracranial pressure was raised in an attempt to make the remainder of the tumour descend into the sella but without success. The suprasellar part of the tumour was then simultaneously addressed via a trans-ventricular-endoscopic route but the firm tumour did not yield to endoscopic instruments viz. biopsy forceps, angiographic catheter and electrosurgical probes. It was then gently pushed down towards the sella and decompressed piecemeal by using trans-sphenoidal instruments.

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